Intro: Quick summary
John Hargrave presents himself as a geek, and his writing style is accessible dotted by examples, geeky fun facts, and scientific studies. All, to allow you to adopt new practices to change your mind through your thoughts, your actions, and so, your life.
Unlike many other books in the same vein, the author wrote with his alcoholic background. His experience, is for me is a clear added value that leaves us with this “Everything is possible” impression.
I do think that this book is a must-have for anyone that hit a rough patch. Your world is a reflection of your thoughts, and I think that’s the first thing to settle.
However, I would also recommend it to others. Because you will learn a lot of tips & tricks to control your attention, your thoughts loops, thus your habits. This kind of small shifts will inevitably make you soak up the best things that life has to offer.
But beyond the book, mind hacking is a community, and a program that really aim to change you in good as long as you’re motivated to participate. The website, practice sheets, and audios made this one the most interactive one that I ever read.
It’s not an esoteric book for old professor but one full of useful takeaway easy to understand and to apply in your life.
Chapter 1: What is mind hacking
After a quick prologue in which John Hargrave relates his personal story about how he decided to get sober, we get to the heart of the matter.
What is our mind
In this part, the author makes a comparison between our mind and a computer. John compares our thoughts with software that sometimes contains bugs or is infected.
It struck me that a lot of the feelings and thoughts I was experiencing were like Adobe products: powerful, but riddled with bugs.
What is essential to know and to realize is that all start by in our minds, whether it’s finding happiness, building relationships, achieving success, growing rich, or mastering the game of life.
The author outlines the basics of why it’s crucial to control your mind. Thus, we quickly have a first definition of mind-hacking :
Mind hacking teaches you how all these things begin in your mind and how you can reprogram your thinking to get there.
What is difficult and paramount to understand, is that our thoughts are not visible but like bits; transient, invisible. That is why Mind-hacking is not something trivial, and that’s why John made this book.
Mind hacking is like hooking up a keyboard to your head to control previously invisible bits.
Another major aspect of it is that the book is only a door to access your wide complex world.
Mind hacking is an open-source work that enables everybody to test and adjust and finally determine what techniques work the best for most people.
The objective of this project is to be able to say with a high level of confidence: “If you do X, then you can expect result Y”. That pass through experimentation!
To hack your thoughts, you have to approach this book as a geek that craving for knowing how his mind works. Mastering happens when we have an unfilled appetite couple with joyful power in conquering as with shaping the body through regular physical exercise, shaping the mind requires developing a routine that integrates this exercise into our lifestyle.
Approaching your mind with that same geeky mix of curiosity and craving, that spirit of conquering and completion, is what mind hackers are after
This only happens when we :
- Analyze the “source code” of the mind.
- Imagining how cool it would be to make it do something else.
- Reprogramming the code with determined persistence until we see our lives transformed.
Chapter 2: You are not your mind
The first step to analyze our mind is, first of all, being aware of it. The title of this chapter suggests that the mind can be examined from an external point of view.
The mind movie
When our mind switches from the present moment to automatic mode, we enter the mind movie mode. A mind movie is not something to necessarily avoid, but we should be aware of it before all.
We must learn to analyze the mind, with all its amazing cinematography, before we can hack it.
Because the mind movie spends most of its time projecting into the future (plans, dreams, fears), or reminiscing about the past (memories, regrets, nostalgia). It frequently clips from the same movies play over and over. For instance :
- If we win something in a fairground, our mind will spend hours repeating: “You are so lucky, I’m happy!”
- But as soon as you start loosing, our mind will spend days repeating: “You are a loser, I’m sad!”
Blue boxing our mind
In mind-hacking, we don’t just observe our mind. We aim to unlock the superuser mode and get fully in control of it. However, what is difficult is not to log but to stay in this mode, thus, be conscious when we lost it.
In other words, the trick is becoming conscious of when you’re in control of the mind (superuser mode) and when you’re lost in the mind (user mode).
There is a crispy anecdote about this. In the days before digital phone systems, the legendary “blue box” was a piece of hardware that simulated a tone made by the phone company’s analog switching relays, allowing you to make long-distance phone calls for free. Before they invented Apple Computer, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak got their start building and selling blue boxes.
“Blue boxing” is similar to the concept of mind hacking: we are trying to log out of our usual “user” mode and log back in as “superuser” to unlock special powers and features.
Metacognition describes this idea of logging to our minds with more privileges.
In metacognition, we are analyzing how our thoughts form, the sequence of thoughts that follow each other, how those thoughts drive our emotions and actions, and how they ultimately impact our lives.
We can say that the metacognition is the “blue box” of mind-hacking. More importantly, it joins the all point of that chapter: Being aware of your mind.
As we learn to recognize what is the mind and what is “us,” we can begin to observe how untamed the mind really is, as we’ll see in the next chapter.
Chapter 3: Your Mind has a Mind of its Own
Why we should put attention to attention?
This title is a bit confusing but can be summed up in a kind analogy. Mind is like a crazy dog lure by anything, an attention-grabber that eat all the time.
Your mind craves information; that’s what it eats. Unfortunately, your mind has bulimia.
I think that most of us can’t imagine spending more than one hour without any stimulus coming from our environment. We always need to give our minds something to eat (scrolling Instagram, responding/sending messages, watching cats videos). But we can’t blame technology because it’s not the problem, the problem is us.
These attention-grabbing apps and alerts quickly become bad habits, making our minds even less disciplined.
We can’t expect to control something on a deep level if we can’t spend a day without scrolling on Instagram. Fortunately :
Like dogs, our minds can be trained. And, like a well-trained dog, our minds can go from a holy terror to man’s best friend.
For me, the following sentence sums up why we should spend time controlling our attention, and therefore why this chapter is essential:
When you focus your attention on attention itself, it’s like putting money in a savings account with compounding interest.
Understand the misbehaving dog
The first vice that threat our attention is multitasking.
Psychiatrist Edward Hallowell defines “multitasking” as a “mythical activity in which people believe they can perform two or more tasks simultaneously as effectively as one.”
Multitasking is a symptom that should alert us. When we multitask, our mind acts like a misbehaving dog. In that state, it needs to have several browser tabs open, to do homework while watching TV, or to simultaneously play three hands of online poker while flying a plane. Remember, our mind desperately wants to eat!
Pavlov’s dogs experience reinforce the similarities between our mind and a dog.
The great Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov trained dogs by always ringing a bell before he presented them with food. Eventually, he found the dogs would slobber uncontrollably as soon as he rang the bell, even before he had presented the food: their bodies had become “conditioned” to prepare for food when the bell was rung.
The bell of our phones is like the bell that makes a dog slobber before eating. We sometimes are all Pavlov’s dogs!
Chapter 4: Developing Jedi-like concentration
In the first place, John explains that we can see two types of attention.
- The voluntary or top-down attention. Where you choose to direct your mind.
- The reflexive or bottom-up. When an exterior factor caught our mind.
What do we want is to develop a Jedi-like concentration. It goes through two things:Reclaiming attention through reducing distractions
Retraining your mind through concentration exercises.
Retraining your mind through concentration exercises.
Reclaiming our attention
Giving attention to what you want and ignoring what you don’t need is fundamental to reclaim our attention.
The fundamental skill developed is known as “attentional control,” or the ability to choose what to pay attention to and what to ignore.
Among many exteriors factors that the author brings to the fore, and we should ignore, I picked one; Media should not be our default activity. Silences are break more valuable.
Instead of making media consumption your default activity, with brief periods of silence, try to make silence your default activity, with planned entertainment breaks of TV, radio, or movies. Silence is golden.
Indeed, I find that we underestimate silence. When was the last time you went to the bathroom without your phone?
Retraining your mind
I can’t help but share you this beautiful quote from Steve Jobs that opened this part :
“If you just sit and observe, you will see how restless your mind is. If you try to calm it, it only makes it worse, but over time it does calm, and when it does, there’s room to hear more subtle things. You see so much more than you could see before. It’s a discipline; you have to practice it.”
What Steve Jobs and John want to make us understand is that busy and talented people are not that overwhelmed. In fact, it is quite the contrary.
Meditation or the game of attention has so many proven benefits to train our minds.
Studies show this type of game will improve attention, regulate emotions, keep you healthier, make your relationships better, and even make you feel good.
As with shaping the body through regular physical exercise, shaping the mind requires developing a routine that integrates this exercise into our lifestyle.
John calls these types of exercise concentration games. Basically, it’s sitting and closing our eyes for about 5 to 20 minutes. Try to direct your attention to your breath. Feel the movement of your body with the air passes through it. The idea is not to get caught in your mind movie.
I won’t develop it here, but in the book, there are also variants of this game making meditate or concentration game more fun.
In addition to giving practical exercises, John Hargrave also deliver advice to make this concentration games a habit:
- Create a cue to remind you that you have something to do.
- Reserve a reward for yourself once you’ve done it.
- Be as consistent as possible.
For example, if we’re trying to create a habit of daily exercise, we might always set our running shoes by the bed as a visual cue upon waking, and always treat ourselves to a post-workout smoothie reward when finished.
The reward for concentration games can be counting the number of times you redirect your attention to your breath when you find yourself caught in a mind movie.
Chapter 5: Debugging your mental loops
What are mental loops
Like any software, we are programmed, and like any program, we are made by loops usually nested within each other. Ever since we were kids, we’ve been stacking the loops.
Once your turn on babies, all they got was some low-level configuration menu that told the newborn how to suck, cry, and poop.
Once we’re adults, we have deeply embedded in us, loops. These low levels loops; some are good, others are bad. But, as John wrote, they make the most realistic video game we ever experience.
Just as it’s hard to believe that loops of code can build an immersive video game, it’s hard to believe that our thoughts, our behavior, and even our lives could be built through loops.
The fundamental idea behind this analogy of loops is the following :
Your loops create your thoughts.
Thoughts create your actions.
Your actions create your life.
Therefore, the quality of our loops determines the quality of our lives.
Fix your loops, Fix your life.
How to debug them
Improving the quality of our mental loops involves tracking down the faulty thinking that is causing us pain. It’s a process that is similar to hunt broken computer codes or debugging.
The best way of debugging these negative loops is to look at the quality of your life, more specifically for areas of pain.
John develop in the book, three methods:
- The “five why” technique, which aims to address the problem at its source, not its outcome. When you face a problem, just ask “why” until you dive into its roots. John gives several practical examples in the book.
- Worst-case scenario technique is voluntarily exaggerating your fears. We take our worries to their extreme limits to help us recognize our limiting belief.
- The third-person method is as simple as asking yourself: “If this was someone else’s problem, what would I say to that person?”
The golden rule is approaching our minds with that same spirit of “getting to the bottom of things,” or going for the root loops that are controlling our emotions, thoughts, and actions.
By developing clarity of mind through regular concentration games, then using the debugging tools outlined in this section, we can track down the logical sequence of Emotion-Thought-Action that is causing problems in our lives.
Chapitre 6: It’s all in your mind
Our minds can’t stop telling stories. Your mind feeds you with a flow of thoughts that we usually take without question.
We can burn a lot of CPU cycles on these thoughts, which our mind spins into elaborate stories, some of which are downright crazy.
The concentration games help you recognize for what they are, fiction.
But a problem remains, these stories can eventually implement bad loops that influence our day-in, day-out decisions and so our life’s direction.
If you think, I’m no good at running, you won’t run; therefore, you’ll be no good at running.
John Hargrave wants to convince us that our imagination is more real than the world around us. He sees it as a kind of superpower that can change the world around us for good or bad.
Our mental loops keep us trapped in this prison with invisible walls, convinced that our current reality is the only reality. But like The Matrix we can hack back into our minds, rewriting our mental code.
Notice that our mind is real
Yes, our mind is our reality. But being aware that it is not the only reality allows us to review its functioning.
By choosing to think in larger, more positive terms, you begin to rewrite your personal reality in a larger, more positive direction.
Mind transcends reality, and our imagination comes before it. Your mind is as big as you can imagine.
If you desire to build a company, first you build it in your mind. Before you produce meaningfully, you produce it first mentally. Your mind is the workshop for your life.
In other words, Imagination is a representation that precedes the thing itself. And you—the “you” that is separate from “your mind”—are able to summon it at will. It is an awesome power.
The good news is that even if Imagination is sometimes not perceived as a good thing, it has built the most successful lives on earth.
When we see it in geniuses like Jeff Bezos, we call it “vision.” When we see it in children, we call it “cute.” When we see it in ourselves, we often call it “a dumb idea” or “a crazy thought.” In reality, however, it’s the same skill: the skill of developing a clear mental picture.
The bad news: If you take the movie “Inception”, you know how destructive and idea could be. In mind-hacking it’s the same :
To change your life, change your mind. And once you change your mind, you can change your life in any way you can imagine. Thinking of your world as a “great idea” really is a great idea.
So the job of mind-hacking is to use our imagination, to determine what do we want and then, implement great ideas, great though to change what we don’t want.
Our mind distortion field
John gives a great example that illustrates the power of our minds when greats ideas are a part of it. It is the famous Steve Jobs reality distortion field.
Hertzfeld later wrote:
The reality distortion field was a confounding melange of a charismatic rhetorical style, an indomitable will, and an eagerness to bend any fact to fit the purpose at hand. Amazingly, the reality distortion field seemed to be effective even if you were acutely aware of it, although the effects would fade after Steve departed.
Our minds field is what we consider possible or impossible. Once you think about it, anything is possible. The good news, according to the people we’ve been hanging out with Steve, is that we can consciously reshape your thoughts and actively reshape the world around us.
Using imagination, you can learn to not only be happier and think more positively but to create bigger and better things for yourself and the world: to create your own “reality distortion field.
Instead of captaining their own ship, most people float wherever the waves take them. We had to do the opposite.
In mind hacking, we learn to identify the “feel” of imagining, and not to shy away from it but to actively engage in it, with persistence and playfulness.
To get us on track to create positive thought loops, you will find in the book, 5 little imagination exercises to determine what you want :
- The mood chip
- The 50$ million inheritance
- The genie in the Lamp
- Yout Evolution contribution
- Your Funeral Speech
Chapter 7: Creating positive thought loops
Your mind is like a child. You need to condition it by continually reinforcing what you want it to do, not what you don’t want it to do.
Like a child, our mind don’t like negation: “You can’t make this, you can’t make that”. It’s smarter to turn everything in a positive and rewarding way if you want to get the most of it. The best example given in this book to illustrate that is a speed camera that punish driver above the limit speed, and award those that are below :
In his version of the speed camera, everyone who was caught driving under the speed limit would be entered into a lottery to win a portion of the speeding fines. In other words, drive over and you could get a ticket, drive under and you could win it.
The result: Minus 5 km of average speed register for this road section.
The previous exercises are important because they gave us a goal. A goal, it’s a direction, and by wisely choose what positive loops need to be implemented, we can direct our life direction toward our goals.
Choosing positive thought loops should be as hard as make an inception (another reference to the movie, I’m sorry).
Implanting an idea in someone’s mind can have a far-reaching impact on the person’s life—for good as well as bad. We want to use care in choosing our mental loops.
What is excellent is that your 5 answers to the previous exercises identify the positive loops to be implemented, which is the subject of the next chapter.
I won’t develop it here, but in the book, there are plenty of examples that can help you make positive though loops from your life’s goal.
Chapter 8: Write
Writing is like magic
In this chapter, we explore the virtue of writing. To write positive though loops, yes, but also broadly speaking.
First, according to John, writing is like a magic power. It’s transferring what’s in our mind world to the physical world.
With a few strokes of a pencil or a few awkward taps of our thumbs, that idea is now a thing. True, it may only be a representation of the thing, but it’s still here, in this world.
As we’ve seen, all start in our mind, whether it’s a good loop or a bad one. The fundamental idea behind this advice of writing that we can make it real.
Instead of just working in the mind, we are also working on the mind. We are looking not just at our thoughts but at the process of those thoughts, and how they affect our lives.
It is almost like making something appear in the word. When you write something, you’re making it real and free your mind from it at the same time.
There was nothing. Now there is something. It’s almost like magic. Until it’s on paper, It’s vapor.
This capacity to make things real with writing is not that obvious as it seems. In the book, John presents a study that explains why writing is powerful.
Writing is a proven way to become better
A 2008 study funded by the National Institutes of Health recruited nearly 1,700 overweight people to experiment with a new approach to losing weight: food diaries.
In addition to education and collaboration, some people had to keep a food diary of everything they ate, whether that be on a pad of sticky notes or a digital device. Here is the result :
Those who kept daily food records lost twice as much weight as those who kept no records. It seems that the simple act of writing down what you eat encourages people to consume fewer calories.
Dr. Peabody, at the beginning of the 20th century, managed to get out of alcoholism. After becoming sober, Peabody began to help other alcoholics and had some success. In 1931, he wrote a book titled “The Common Sense of Drinking” that outlines his technique.
One of the fundamental techniques in his book was to write down the next day’s schedule.
The purpose of the schedule is to change a negative loop (drinking, feeling terrible, and so drinking some more) into a positive one (making progress, feeling better, and so making more progress).
Write to become your own architect
I think we all aspire to create a life we like, a life we won’t regret. In other words, we all want to be the architect of it and don’t wait for it to end.
With mind hacking, you are like an architect creating a blueprint for your life, and blueprints are only useful if they’re actually written down. (That’s why they’re not called blue thoughts).
However, making blueprints of our positive loops remain quite unclear. But we know that writing is a key. At the end of this chapter, there are 3 reasons why writing is useful for approaching the objectives set out above.
- Writing things down first reminds you of your goals regularly. It’s easy for our minds to get distracted, and this recenters your attention on what you have defined for yourself as most important. Writing down your positive loops, implement them into your mind.
- Second, writing things down offers you an opportunity to reflect.
- Third, writing things down gives you a chance to improve. Indeed, once you had written the initial draft, you could then test in in real students and continue to improve it over time without risk getting lost along the way.
Chapter 9: Repeat
Scott Adams, the creator of the Dilbert comic, had a practice that can appear weird at first sight. He wrote down his positive loop, fifteen times each day.
In the same vein, Jim Carrey had in his wallet 10$ million check for himself as a daily reminder of where does he want to be in the future.
It’s a bit to give credit for what he did to that lonely fact. Nevertheless, after searching on his own, Adam came to the following conclusion which I find interesting:
If you are methodically repeating your goals each day, you are more likely to notice the people and situations that can help you achieve those goals as they present themselves.
That could potentially mean; repeating something as often as fifteen times each day could bring you success or the other way round.
Our minds are hills
Another great analogy given by John is the hill one.
Our minds are like that hill. The constant repetition of our negative loops cuts deep mental grooves, and it’s natural for our minds to “lock into” those grooves, even when the negative loops are self-destructive.
In a study, one group was instructed to hold a pencil between their teeth without touching their lips, and one group holding the pencil between their lips but not touching their teeth. Without realizing it, the “teeth” group had their faces contorted into smiles, while the “lips” group had their faces puckered into frowns. Then, they read a Far Side cartoon.
Amazingly, the group that was forced to smile felt happier, and found the cartoons funnier, than the group that was forced to frown. Several years later, another study showed that regular smiling will improve other areas of your life, including interacting more positively with others and thinking more optimistically.
That’s when our training to be aware of our mind comes into play. When the mind appears to you with the negative loops, you can use this natural momentum to throw the positive loop instead. Here’s two examples coming from the book :
“A drink sure would be nice . . . (flip) . . . except that my sobriety is the foundation of all the good things in my life.”
“I cannot stand that woman . . . (flip) . . . but I’m free from resentment, and I’m able to live and let live.”
Chapter 10: Simulate
For the moment, we talked a lot about the importance of writing and repeating. Edison was a prolific writer and claimed that :
“Genius is one percent inspiration, ninety-nine percent perspiration”
Edison wasn’t the only genius of the late 19th century. Nikola Tesla, the creator of alternating current, had another point of view:
For Tesla, the key was running mental simulations: a detailed picture of exactly what you wanted to achieve, working through all the problems, roadblocks, and obstacles in your mind. For Edison, the key was writing it down: doing the experiments one at a time, working through the problems in real-world conditions.
While Edison wrote everything down on paper, Tesla spent most of his time imagined what he was about to construct.
What is a mental simulation?
A mental simulation is simply imagining how something will play out. We do this all the time, from Here’s how this conversation will probably go to How much money will I have when I retire? Let’s define “simulation” as different from “imagination”: whereas we can use imagination to imagine the final goal, we use simulation to picture how we’ll get there.
This difference written in the book is fundamental. Visualizing success has a totally different result than simulate the way to go there.
The researchers concluded that, by itself, “visualizing success” decreases our motivation to actually do the work that leads to success. Students who ran mental simulations, on the other hand, showed better planning skills and less anxiety at test time.
The Seattle Seahawks have been a resounding success when Pete Carroll joined the team. In addition to their physical training, Caroll focused his efforts on a mental training program with Dr.Michel Gervais.
By running countless mental simulations, the players prepare for those critical moments in which games are won or lost: moments of fear.
For the team, running mental simulations is a way of developing mental functions. These mental functions are especially useful when they find themselves confronted with difficult circumstances. They declare themselves better equipped to handle them compared to other teams in the end.
A mental simulation is perceiving your goal in a realistic but optimistic way. It’s thinking through all the problems that could arise. Determine how you will successfully overcome each of them. And finally reach your purpose.*
Additional studies have shown that this two-pronged approach—asking “What’s it like to be your best?” as well as “How will you respond in a moment of challenge?”—has proven effective at improving performance for professionals as diverse as nurses, employees, and managers.
Chapter 11: Collaborate
Wikipedia is an excellent example of how important collaboration is to speed up any process. Our minds, like Wikipedia, gain value when they connect to other minds.
They become even more powerful when we connect with like minds. The technical term for this is network effect, where technology becomes more useful as others adopt it.
For Wikipedia, the more people collaborate in writing articles, the more pieces they create, and the more they are attracted to the idea of writing more articles. For minds, coworking offices are places where you can bump into knowledge workers from other industries, giving you fresh perspectives and new ideas.
The economist Paul Romer argues that this is because ideas, like telephones, have network effects: the more they’re shared, the more useful they become.
Ideas are not only infinite, but the more we share them, the more valuable they become.
As long as there is spillover between minds,” says author Steven Johnson in Where Good Ideas Come From, “useful innovations will be more likely to appear and spread. It’s not that the network itself is smart; it’s that the individuals get smarter because they’re connected to the network.
Teaching something to someone deepens in your own understanding. Furthermore, John encourages you to teach the concept of mind-hacking to the person you know.
When you help other people, you also alter your self-concept. You slowly move from “a drunk who gets drunk” to “a recovering alcoholic who helps alcoholics to recover.
In mind hacking, collaboration is paramount. The following quote ends this part, and sums up well this idea of collaboration.
We can’t keep it all in our minds. We’ve got to collaborate, because helping others helps ourselves.
Chapter 12: Act
When we look at the people who act, we notice that they all break down their big goals into smaller ones. It took years before the launch of the World Wide Web. Tim Berners-Lee, his inventor, didn’t just dream about a big catalog of information, he has done it, but after several years of work.
Getting your brain wired into little goals and achieving them, that helps you achieve the bigger things you shouldn’t be able to do.
In order to accomplish your goals, you will have to act. The best way to act, break down your main goal into a series of tinier ones, as small as you need!
Finding the “tiny goals” that will help you move forward on the big goals is both an art and a science. Fortunately, there’s an algorithm that will help you—or, more accurately, an acronym.
The LASER method to act
The book brings to light the concept of define sub-goals with LASER.
Just like the original LASER, there is an acronym that can help us define a good subgoal: one that is Limited, Achievable, Specific, Evaluated, and Repeatable.
- Limited. A good subgoal is small.
- Achievable. A good subgoal is something you can accomplish.
- Specific. A good subgoal is simple and clear.
- Evaluated. Write down your subgoals, so that you can come back on a daily and weekly basis and see whether you accomplished them.
- Repeatable. The best subgoals are the ones that you can turn into a habit.
Breaking down your goals into sub-one seems to be a lot more fun. John made this beautiful comparison to video games:
When we think of our personal subgoals like the missions in video games, we can shift our mindset from “work” to “fun.” After all, video games are a kind of work: you have to learn new skills, think through problems, and compete hard against other players.
The swing analogy
The beautiful thing about this world is that you don’t have to move mountains to change it. In fact, it’s quite the contrary; consistency is far more valuable!
Pushing the swing in time with this tempo will cause it to go higher. In other words, small pushes, when timed correctly, can have big effects. In physics, this is called resonance, the natural tendency of objects to vibrate in sync with some external force.
Productivity is not about doing things, it is about doing the right things. It’s pushing the swing at the right tempo. Otherwise, you lose speed, and it will eventually stop.
This is what author Charles Duhigg calls a “keystone habit.” Often, creating one positive habit—always through a series of LASER-like goals—will start a domino effect with other positive changes.
Another crucial parameter must be taken into account; Willpower.
Baumeister and Tierney point to new research studies showing that willpower is a kind of energy, a battery that can be recharged.
Like every energy, willpower is manageable. It’s an entirely different subject, but don’t forget that doing the wrong thing will consume your willpower faster than trying to LASER the right goal.